put forward constructive advice to guide foreign investment to the development of China's manufacturing industry is conducive to the development of the industry, and brought its advanced technology into China Advanced productivity, build China's manufacturing industry own brand, for China's economic development and make greater contributions.
2 2 China's manufacturing industry to promote the use of foreign investment in the status quo 2.1 China's manufacturing industry manufacturing industry refers to the manufacturing resources (materials, energy, equipment, tools, capital, technology, information and human, etc.), in accordance with market requirements, through the manufacturing process ,https://www.dongsourcing.com/how-to-import-from-china Which is converted into an industry for the use and use of industrial and consumer goods, including all 30 industries after deducting extractive industries, utilities (electricity, gas, water), ie agricultural and sideline food processing, textile, furniture Manufacturing, paper and paper products, general equipment manufacturing, transportation equipment manufacturing, communications equipment, computers and other electronic equipment manufacturing and other industries. Before the 15th century, China's manufacturing industry has been the world's ear, leading the world for thousands of years, especially the "Made in China" silk and ceramics world-renowned, and promote the East-West trade and civilized blend, became the bulk of China's foreign trade commodity. But after the first Opium War, China was forced to open the door to the outside world, and the West and others put forward the slogan of "learning from foreigners" to start learning foreign advanced technology. Machine manufacturing as a symbol of the modern manufacturing industry in the national crisis was born. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, to achieve industrialization for the purpose of the modern manufacturing industry has been the most widely inherited and flourish. The first national economic five-year plan, from the Soviet Union and other countries to introduce 156 important projects, all are manufacturing, they laid the initial basis for China's industrialization, for the future "two bombs and one satellite", the implementation of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway Ready. In 1978, the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee put forward the policy of reform and opening up, a large number of foreign investment in China's manufacturing industry, while bringing advanced management and technology, the rapid development of manufacturing industry, the manufacturing industry from the original export-oriented and labor-intensive Industrial transformation and upgrading of capital-intensive industries occupy a dominant position, after joining the WTO, and then upgraded to technology-intensive, China will soon become a manufacturing power.
The size of labor-intensive enterprises above the export profits will reach 4.5 to 5 percentage points. (C) raw material and price increases to increase the cost of business pressure. In recent years, some resource raw material prices have doubled, and material costs will continue to rise in 2008. Recent plastic raw materials, rubber and steel have risen more than 2,000 yuan / ton, copper, aluminum and other metal materials will rise further.Looking for Sourcing Agent in China. Export packaging materials this year, per square meter has risen 0.8 yuan, equivalent to an average of 1 yuan per export packaging packaging costs. In addition, the cost of export inland freight costs also rose a lot, this year is expected to price increases, it can be seen, the enterprise's export production costs will be further increased. (4) monetary tightening led to tightening liquidity. As the central government repeatedly raised the bank reserve, reduce the size of bank loans, some small export enterprises tightening funds, and then the loan interest rate higher than before.
Resulting in a number of export-oriented enterprises in arrears supporting the processing enterprises of the funds, supporting processing enterprises can not get loans, resulting in financial constraints, thus affecting the processing of matching pieces, and ultimately affect the export delivery. (5) Increased resistance to foreign trade. Many countries in the impact of globalization, economic and social deep-seated contradictions increased, the world's trade protectionism will be further exacerbated. China's international trade friction situation is tightening signs of friction from the case to the institutional level, from labor-intensive products to other products, from anti-dumping to countervailing and other trade protection means extended from the developed countries to the spread of developing countries The At the same time, the countries in the world, especially the developed countries pay more attention to the environmental protection, quality, safety and social effects of the products, and put forward a series of requirements including ROHS directive, CR regulations and labor standards, and the increasing demand for technical standards and social responsibility of China's foreign trade enterprises The It is noteworthy that, due to fear of China's rise and revival of the pace too fast to "China threat theory" as a slogan, in terms of product quality in China and other fuss. Of the phenomenon of human abduction to the spread of the trend.
From January to September 2011, the total import and export trade was US $ 267.74 billion, up 24.6% year on year. Among them, the export of 13922.7 billion US dollars, up 22.7%; imports 128.17 billion US dollars, up 26.7%, import growth rate higher than the ex
port growth rate of 4 percentage points. Import and export growth was Gaokaidizou trend, single month export growth from 37.6% in January fell to 17.1% in September, import growth rate dropped from 51.6% to 20.9%. Excluding the price factor, the actual export and import in September increased by only 7.5% and 6.1% respectively.
The trade surplus continued to decline year by year, with the three quarters narrowing to $ 107.1 b
illion, down 10.6% year on year, and the ratio of GDP to 2.2% from 2008 to 2.2%, in the internationally recognized Reasonable interval. (2) export of textile products is stronger than that of electromechanical products, and the effect of export price increase is enhanced. January-September 2011, China's exports of electromechanical products 789.33 billion US dollars, an increase of 18.2%, lower than the overall increase of 4.5 percentage points, of which automatic data processing equipment, integrated circuit export growth rate was lower than the overall increase of 13.1 and 13.4 percentage points. The export volume of traditional commodities increased steadily, and the total export volume of textiles and garments, footwear, furniture, luggage, plastic products and toys decreased by 19.7%, 96.5% and 6.0% respectively. Foreign trade growth is positively driven by the coordination of price and quantity. Under the guidance of policies and measures, the enterprises will accelerate the pace of transformation and upgrading, raise the price by cultivating their own brands, increase the value of added value, enhance the ability of digestion, and improve the bargaining power. China's export prices rose 9.9% on average, higher than the same period in 2010 8.3 percentage points. From 1985 to the beginning of the 21st century, China's export commodity structure has been greatly improved. The proportion of primary products to total exports is declining, while the share of manufactured goods in total exports is increasing, with the share of machinery and transportation equipment exports in total exports not only increasing year by year, but also increasing the fastest , Become China's most active export sector, but also in recent years, China's foreign trade growth of the main driving force. To the proportion of industrial manufactured goods in 1995 accounted for more than 85% of total exports, by 2010 the proportion of industrial manufactured goods accounted for 94.83%, compared with the initial reform and openi
First, the characteristics of China's foreign trade enterprises, China Sourcing Agent, http://www.dongsourcing.com/ 1, the competitiveness of export commodities and foreign brands far from the gap between well-known brands. Many export commodities are in China
Processing and assembly to meet foreign orders, export goods own brand less, so that China has gradually become the world "Manufacturing Center". Although China's exports are huge, published in the World Economic Forum 2004-2005 In the annual Global Competitiveness Report, China ranked only 44th Bit. Lack of brand-name products, the lack of a unique corporate culture, leading to foreign trade enterprises is not strong.
China's foreign trade enterprises are mainly concentrated in the labor-intensive and relatively low technical composition of the traditional advantages of the industry, such as garment processing industry, Its production products are still labor-intensive and low value-added products, such products are low international prices, profit margins. With the rapid development of science and technology, Foreign trade enterprises need to further improve the scientific and technological content to improve the competitiveness of enterprises. However, many foreign trade enterprises lack the core products of independent property products, Foreign trade enterprises such as clothing, toys, etc., the overall trend of its international competitive market is oversupply. As the vast majority of technical content and low added value of the international prices of goods continue to fall, Foreign trade enterprises to offset the loss of product prices loss of profits, only the use of expanding the number of exports to make up for the way, Enterprises blindly expand the scale of business, but also lead to foreign trade enterprises heavy-duty light quality business development model.
The lack of autonomy to control the market's ability to manage the weak, especially the lack of end-user market management capabilities. Because the nature of foreign trade and deal with more dealers, Foreign trade enterprises lack of brand and service awareness, the user market control and response capacity is weak, can not dominate the terminal market.
Again, different manufacturers and different foreign trade companies have a direct impact on their different sales offer; Therefore, the production of the same export products, many manufacturers reported the price naturally high , In the low of the points, as long as foreign trade can find low-cost manufacturers, coupled with a certain profit after the price is not higher than the price of the manufacturers, the export quotations must be, Sourcing Agent in China. Countermeasure four: foreign trade companies should take the road of industry and trade; "industry and trade" slogan has been proposed for more than 20 years, its meaning naturally a lot, but some small and medium-sized foreign trade companies are not operational, here, we give you We recommend that a combination of industry and trade based on the export agency system, we believe that should be feasible, the general steps are as follows: A, select their own strengths of export commodities or their own to focus on the development of export commodities; B, selected 1-2 manufacturers have had export history or are producing the export products of the manufacturer, of course, in the case of certain quality must be selected as low as the export price of the manufacturers, such as the manufacturers have no self-export is certainly better; C, and The factory signed a formal "cooperation export agreement", "agreement" content is different, but at least several points should be stated: 1, foreign trade companies can name manufacturers outside the contact, negotiate, such as manufacturers "exports two "The name of the external contact; 2, under any circumstances manufacturers can not skip the foreign trade companies, especially when foreign manufacturers to see the case; 3, manufacturers should be foreign trade companies The lowest price for export dollars, foreign trade companies to add 1% on its basis - 2 percent to a can; etc. ??The purpose of doing nothing is to indirectly obtain a virtual factory identity, the second is to get as good as possible export prices, and this is not all foreign trade companies want to get it? Countermeasure five: foreign trade companies should rely on services to retain foreign business; foreign trade industry is a typical service industry, foreign trade companies how the service quality is clearly able to attract foreign investors to retain one of the most important factors, such as Hong Kong, Singapore Many small trading companies, http://www.dongsourcing.com/